Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock
, , (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980) was an English film director and producer, at times referred to as "The Master of Suspense". He pioneered many elements of the suspense and psychological thriller genres. He had a successful career in British cinema with both silent films and early talkies and became renowned as England's best director. Hitchcock moved to Hollywood in 1939 and became a US citizen in 1955.
Over a career spanning more than half a century, Hitchcock fashioned for himself a recognisable directorial style. His stylistic trademarks include the use of camera movement that mimics a person's gaze, forcing viewers to engage in a form of voyeurism. In addition, he framed shots to maximise anxiety, fear, or empathy, and used innovative forms of film editing. His work often features fugitives on the run alongside "icy blonde" female characters.Many of Hitchcock's films have twist endings and thrilling plots featuring depictions of murder and other violence. Many of the mysteries, however, are used as decoys or "MacGuffins" that serve the films' themes and the psychological examinations of
their characters. Hitchcock's films also borrow many themes from psychoanalysis and sometimes feature strong sexual overtones.
Hitchcock became a highly visible public figure through interviews, movie trailers, cameo appearances in his own films, and the ten years in which he hosted the television program Alfred Hitchcock Presents
In 1978, film critic John Russell Taylor described Hitchcock as "the
most universally recognizable person in the world", and "a
straightforward middle-class Englishman who just happened to be an
Hitchcock directed more than fifty feature films in a career spanning
six decades and is often regarded as the greatest British filmmaker. He came first in a 2007 poll of film critics in Britain's Daily Telegraph
which said: "Unquestionably the greatest filmmaker to emerge from these
islands, Hitchcock did more than any director to shape modern cinema,
which would be utterly different without him. His flair was for
narrative, cruelly withholding crucial information (from his characters
and from viewers) and engaging the emotions of the audience like no one
else." Prior to 1980 there had long been talk of Hitchcock being Knighted for his contribution to film. Critic Roger Ebert wrote: "Other British directors like Sir Carol Reed and Sir Charlie Chaplin
were knighted years ago, while Hitchcock, universally considered by
film students to be one of the greatest filmmakers of all time, was
passed over". Hitchcock was later to receive his knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II in the 1980 New Year Honours. In 2002, the magazine Movie Maker
named Hitchcock the most influential filmmaker of all time.
... now, go make something beautiful!
(¸.•´♥ Tristan ♥
Robert Cummings and Grace Kelly in 1954's "Dial M for Murder"
Fabulous post! So many interesting facts about him that I hadn't read before
Such a brilliant filmmaker - No one keeps you on the edge of your seat like Hitchcock!
Give me a film by Hitchcock any day. . . Even though I've probably seen them all and know all the plots, I still love the suspense! Thanks for paying tribute to him, Tristan!
This guy scared the hell outta me!!! And he made some extraordinary and gorgeous films!!!
Thank you for your post!!!
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